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Bitter legacy · Archaeology of early sugar plantation and slavery in São Tomé

Researcher: Dr. M. Dores Cruz · Larissa Thomas · M. Nazaré Ceita 

Praia Melão, the largest sugar mill and estate in São Tomé, active from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, is the first archaeological site ever investigated on the island. It embodies the inception of the plantation economic system predicated on the labour of enslaved people and of local resistance.

Article with six figures at Cambridge University Press

Short film explaining some of the background to the project